• Posted on June 7, 2014 10:55 pm
    By Chris
    Tiger immobilisation and anaesthesia

    Today’s Diary Entry is sponsored by Spikes World Wild Things

    Somedays are amazing and today was certainly right up there in the best days of my life! I got to do something that very few people do and survive, I got on the wrong side of the fence of a tiger enclosure at the zoo…

    Inside the fence of the tigers enclosureOk ok, so it was planned but that doesn’t make it any less awesome. Today I got invited to join a training workshop on wild animal immobilization for veterinary emergency response here in Slovakia. The aim of the training is to equip vets to deal with emergency situations with large and dangerous animals, and theres no better preparation than practice.

    The local zoo supports this, and will try to schedule elective procedures so that the training vets can run the anaesthesia whilst the procedure is carried out. Today we were supposed to see 3 patients, however because of the high temperature the risks for complications were extremely high so it was decided that only the tiger would have his procedure today. This tiger was rescued from a private owner in the Czech Republic around 7-8 years ago, and so there has been discussion around whether or not it is a hybrid (a mix of two species) or what the lineage is so to determine whether it is genetically suitable for breeding samples were needed for DNA analysis.

    When it comes to taking samples from animals it is always important to consider the safety of both the animal and the person collecting the sample. In this case as the tiger has not been trained, has big sharp claws and very strong mouth muscles with massive teeth the only way to do it is through anesthetizing the tiger. Now as it was in the zoo there is a back house that is not open to the public which allows the tiger to be contained and anesthetized with either a dart gun, or in this a case a blow pipe because the distance allowed this.

    Preparing to dart the tigerI have written about distance immobilization in the past (read it here) and today like then we used special forms of the anaesthetic drugs which give a high concentration (action) for a small amount of the liquid. So to reduce the risk of accidents the total drug amount was spread out over two darts, one of these darts did not work initially so another dart was prepared and fired – something I learnt here is that tigers will hiss at vets just like small cats.

    Darting the tiger insideOnce the tiger was very fast asleep it was moved outside where its head was covered both to protect the eyes and to reduce any stimulation. A pulse oximeter was attached to the tongue to measure the amount of oxygen in the blood and the sample collection took place.

    Anaesthetised tiger moved outside and monitoredAfter the samples were collected the tiger was moved back inside, leaving just enough time to grab a photo with my first ever tiger and today’s hero zoo vet Dr Sos! Hopefully someone I will be working with (and learning a lot from) again!!!

    Tiger immobilisation and anaesthesiaCheck out the video from the entire day….

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    Posted in categories: Vet School Diary
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